Sex rate in pakistan

Added: Davin Abe - Date: 27.05.2022 23:53 - Views: 29841 - Clicks: 5257

The inverse sex ratio is both endemic and cyclical, mostly perpetuated by patriarchal mindsets manifesting in widespread gender-based inequalities and violence writes Hina Shaikh. According to the census, there are five million more men than women in Pakistan. Men are 51 percent of the population while women are 49 percent.

His analysis revealed that the proportion of women was lower than what one would expect if the birth and death rates of females were the same as that of men. The inverse sex ratio is both endemic and cyclical, mostly perpetuated by patriarchal mindsets manifesting in widespread gender-based inequalities and violence. Clearly these issues remain insufficiently addressed by current policies, programs, and legislation. Looking at overall population, all six censuses conducted in Pakistan since indicate that men have consistently outed women. The most recent confirm a sex ratio of even as female life expectancy at birth stands at 67, compared to 65 for men.

The current sex ratio is also much higher than those of many middle and lower-income regions such as South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Only two other countries in the world have inverse sex ratios: India and China. Among the provinces, the highest sex ratio is in Balochistan and the Islamabad Capital Territory Punjab witnesses the largest improvement in this regard.

Some of the reasons cited for the gender imbalance include a lack of transparency in more socially conservative areas such as Federally Administered Tribal Areas FATA , Khyber Pakhtunkhwa KP , and Balochistan, where data on female members of households is not openly shared. This means that many women may have been uncounted. Apparently, no female enumerators were hired even in the most conservative regions where the census was conducted.

This must have not only affected estimates of the sex ratio, but also violated the instructions of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics PBS , which stipulate that women would be appointed as enumerators and supervisors for the census. Social scientists are also beginning to detect a trend of sex-selective practices at birth in Pakistan.

This is not to say that the practice of sex selection is widespread, although female infanticide, despite having declined in recent years, remains common. A deep-rooted preference for sons over daughters is pervasive in Pakistan , as is in India though not with the same intensity. According to the United Nations Population Fund, for every , women die from complications with childbirth in Pakistan because of poor access to health facilities.

The gender imbalance also remains higher in cities than in rural areas. A higher urban sex ratio shows an intense migration of men to cities in search of employment. Because their families are left behind in rural villages, men also make up a disproportionately large share of the urban census count. The link between poverty and female-to-male ratio appears weak as many of the poorest regions of the world have a sex ratio that favors women.

Female labor force participation has a strong positive effect on sex ratios as women are considered to have more economic value once employed, giving parents less reason to prefer sons to daughters. Currently, female participation in Bangladesh stands at Lowering fertility rates by means such as improving access to contraceptives will not only check population growth but also encourage women to become economically active and enroll in schools.

Several studies document this link. Provincial governments have launched conditional cash transfer and stipend schemes across different levels of schooling to encourage female enrollment. In fact, it is one of the few developing countries that has legislation addressing sexual harassment in employment, education, as well as in public places.

However, while legislation is a necessary first step, achieving a sex ratio in line with demographic norms will require an undoing of patriarchal structures that discriminate against women. Violence against women and girls remains frequent. In , hundreds were killed in the name of honor according to the Pakistan Human Rights Commission.

A change in social attitudes that perpetuate patriarchal mind-sets and behavior is imperative. Please read our comments policy before posting. Her research interests include public policy in the social sector, particularly education, role of the public and private sector in service provision and financing, understanding and analysing poverty including gendered poverty and development in developing countries and political economy of governance and economic reforms.

She tweets hinanshaikh. Please write to southasia lse. Bad Behavior has blocked access attempts in the last 7 days. Search for:. Editor December 15th, Women queue to cast their vote in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. What explains the gap? About the author Editor. Related Posts Development. Pipe dreams: barriers to civic and social rights in an unauthorised colony December 22nd, Pakistan: Foreign reserves and the debt crisis April 10th, The Threat of Consent May 4th, Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by .

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Sex rate in pakistan

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Population census Men out women in Pakistan