What are gabapentin

Added: Jes Hackney - Date: 21.02.2022 09:33 - Views: 30515 - Clicks: 697

Gabapentin is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral capsule, an immediate-release oral tablet, an extended-release oral tablet, and an oral solution. Gabapentin oral capsule is available as the brand-name drug Neurontin. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, the brand-name drug and the generic version may be available in different forms and strengths. Gabapentin may be used as part of a combination therapy.

This means you may need to take it with other drugs. Gabapentin belongs to a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

For postherpetic neuralgia, it seems to prevent the increase in sensitivity to pain that occurs. For seizures, it may alter the effect of calcium low levels of calcium may cause seizures. Gabapentin oral capsule causes dizziness and drowsiness. Avoid driving or using heavy machinery while taking this drug until you know how it affects you. Gabapentin oral capsule can cause mild or serious side effects.

The following list contains some of the key side effects that may occur while taking gabapentin. This list does not include all possible side effects. For more information on the possible side effects of gabapentin, or tips on how to deal with a troubling side effect, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. Some of the more common side effects that can occur with use of gabapentin are listed below, along with their rates:. The side effect rates are based on patients over 12 years old, as reported in clinical trials for the brand equivalent, Neurontin.

Certain rates vary by age. There were no clinically ificant differences in rates between men and women. For more information, see the FDA package insert. If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:.

Gabapentin oral capsule can interact with several other medications. Different interactions can cause different effects. For instance, some can interfere with how well a drug works, while others can cause increased side effects. Below is a list of medications that can interact with gabapentin. This list does not contain all drugs that may interact with gabapentin. Before taking gabapentin, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all prescription, over-the-counter, and other drugs you take. Also tell them about any vitamins, herbs, and supplements you use. Sharing this information can help you avoid potential interactions.

If you have questions about drug interactions that may affect you, ask your doctor or pharmacist. When used with gabapentin, opioids can cause dangerous effects in the body. Some examples of these drugs include morphine, hydrocodone, and oxycodone.

Taking gabapentin with an opioid increases your risk for severe sleepiness, respiratory depression, coma, and even death. When used with gabapentin, certain drugs used to treat stomach acid problems can reduce the amount of gabapentin in your body. This can make it less effective. Taking gabapentin 2 hours after taking these drugs can help prevent this problem.

Examples of these drugs include:. The following information describes dosages that are commonly used or recommended. However, be sure to take the dosage your doctor prescribes for you. Your doctor will determine the best dosage to suit your needs. Your kidney function may decrease with age. Your body may get rid of this drug more slowly. Your doctor may start you on a lower dose so that too much of this drug does not build up in your body.

Too much of the drug in your body can be dangerous. Your doctor may change your dose based on how well your kidneys are working. Typical starting dosage: mg per day mg, three times per day, spaced evenly throughout the day. Your doctor may increase your dose to 2,—3, mg per day. The usual maintenance dose is —1, mg per day, divided into three doses daily. Your doctor may increase this dose to 2,—3, mg per day.

Kidney problems: If you are older than 12 years and have kidney problems or are on hemodialysis, your dose of gabapentin will need to be changed. This will be based on how well your kidneys are working. Gabapentin oral capsule comes with several warnings. Call your doctor if you start having more seizures or a different kind of seizure while taking this drug. Gabapentin can slow your thinking and motor skills and cause drowsiness and dizziness. You should not drive or use heavy machinery while taking this drug until you know how it affects you. Using this drug increases your risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior.

Talk to your doctor if you feel depressed or notice any changes in your mood or behavior. Also talk to your doctor if you are having thoughts of harming yourself, including suicide. This medication can cause multiorgan hypersensitivity. This syndrome can be life-threatening. Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms such as a rash, a fever, or swollen lymph nodes.

Taking it a second time after any allergic reaction to it could be fatal cause death. Avoid drinking alcohol while taking gabapentin. Gabapentin can cause sleepiness, and drinking alcohol can make you even more sleepy. Alcohol can also make you more likely to feel dizzy and have trouble concentrating.

Severe breathing problems can occur if you take gabapentin with opioids, such as oxycodone or hydrocodone. Taking gabapentin with an opioid increases your risk for sleepiness, breathing problems, and even death. Get help right away if breathing problems occur. Doing this can increase your risk of having a condition called status epilepticus. This is a medical emergency during which short or long seizures occur for 30 minutes or more. Gabapentin can cause problems in children aged 3—12 years who have epilepsy. It raises their risk of thought problems as well as behavioral problems, such as being hyper and acting hostile or restless.

For people with kidney problems: Your body processes this drug more slowly than normal. This may cause the drug to increase to dangerous levels in your body. Talk to your doctor about whether this drug is safe for you. For pregnant women: The use of gabapentin has not been studied in humans during pregnancy. Research in animals has shown negative effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug. This drug should only be used if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking this drug. This registry tracks the effects of anti-seizure drugs on pregnancy. Information can be found at aedpregnancyregistry. For women who are breastfeeding: Gabapentin may pass into breast milk and cause serious side effects in a breastfeeding child.

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. You should decide together if you should stop taking this drug or stop breastfeeding. For seniors: Kidney function may decrease with age. You may process this drug more slowly than younger people. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose so that too much of this drug does not build up in your body.

For children: Gabapentin has not been studied in children for the management of postherpetic neuralgia. It should not be used in people younger than 18 years. This drug should not be used to treat partial seizures in children younger than 3 years. Gabapentin oral capsule is used for short-term or long-term treatment. In order for this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. Symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include:. If your symptoms are severe, call or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

What to do if you miss a dose: If you forget to take your dose, take it as soon as you remember. If you remember just a few hours before the time for your next dose, then only take one dose. Never try to catch up by taking two capsules at once. This could result in dangerous side effects. How to tell if the drug is working: You should have fewer seizures. Or you should have less nerve pain. Gabapentin oral capsules can be taken with or without food.

What are gabapentin

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Gabapentin